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World Health Organization : Year 1998 ; Assessment Document, A78187: Health Sector Emergency Preparedness Guide Making a Difference to Vulnerability

By Reinaldo Flores, Dr.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000152188
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.2 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: World Health Organization : Year 1998 ; Assessment Document, A78187: Health Sector Emergency Preparedness Guide Making a Difference to Vulnerability  
Author: Reinaldo Flores, Dr.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Dr, R. F. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Year 1998 ; Assessment Document, A78187. Retrieved from http://nationalpubliclibrary.info/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
Preface Emergencies and disasters affect all parts of the globe and cause harm to people, property, infrastructure, economies and the environment. Harm to people includes death, injury, disease, malnutrition, and psychological stress. If emergencies, and the hazards and vulnerability that cause them, are not effectively managed, then the goal of sustainable development is put at jeopardy. In particular, emphasis must be placed on preventing emergencies, and in preparing effective responses for emergencies, at the national and subnational levels. Despite this need, there has been a conspicuous lack of health sector guidelines on emergency preparedness. These guidelines fill this gap, and explain how to apply the principles and techniques of emergency preparedness at the national level. They present a clear, useful and systematic approach to the subject, that has been tested and proven in a number of countries in various regions.

Table of Contents
Contents Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 1 1. Introducing health sector emergency preparedness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 2 1.1 Context of emergency preparedness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 2 1.2 An emergency preparedness framework . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 3 1.3 Some elements of emergency preparedness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 4 1.4 Some principles of emergency preparedness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 5 2. Managing emergency preparedness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 6 2.1 An emergency preparedness process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 6 2.2 Project management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 7 2.3 National emergency profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 8 3. Policy development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 10 3.1 The nature of policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 10 3.2 Emergency preparedness policy areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 11 4. Vulnerability assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 12 4.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 12 4.2 A vulnerability assessment process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 14 4.3 The planning group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 15 4.4 Hazard identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 15 4.5 Hazard description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 16 4.6 Describing the community . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 16 4.7 Effects and vulnerability description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 19 4.8 Recommending action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 22 5. Emergency planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 24 5.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 24 5.2 An emergency planning process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 25 5.3 Planning group review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 25 5.4 Potential problem analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 26 5.5 Resource analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 26 5.6 Roles and responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 27 5.7 Management structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 29 5.8 Strategies and systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 32 5.9 Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 32 5.10 Search and rescue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 32 5.11 Health and medical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 33 5.12 Social welfare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 44 5.13 Transport and lifelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 44 5.14 Police and investigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 45 5.15 Information management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 45 5.16 Resource management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 50

 

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