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2003 Report to Congress on China's Wto Compliance

By Federal Trade Commission

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Book Id: WPLBN0000697169
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 364.58 KB.
Reproduction Date: 2005
Full Text

Title: 2003 Report to Congress on China's Wto Compliance  
Author: Federal Trade Commission
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Trade, Import and export controls, Export controls--United States
Collections: Export and Trade Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Federal Trade Commissionn (FTC)

Description
Export and Trade Government Reference Document:

Excerpt
Executive Summary: Much has changed in the U.S.-China economic and trade relationship since China began negotiations to join the predecessor to the WTO, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), 17 years ago. In 1986, total U.S.-China trade was only $7.9 billion, and imports from China outpaced U.S. exports to China by $1.7 billion. In contrast, in 2003, total U.S.-China trade is projected to top $170 billion, with imports from China exceeding U.S. exports to China by more than $125 billion.

Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS Page FOREWORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 BACKGROUND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 China?s WTO Accession Negotiations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Overview of China?s WTO Commitments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 STATUS OF CHINA?S WTO COMPLIANCE EFFORTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Trading Rights and Distribution Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Import Regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Tariffs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Customs and Trade Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Non-tariff Measures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Tariff-rate Quotas on Industrial Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Other Import Regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Export Regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Internal Policies Affecting Trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Non-discrimination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Taxation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Subsidies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Price Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Standards, Technical Regulations and Conformity Assessment Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Other Internal Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Investment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Tariffs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 China?s Biotechnology Regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Tariff-rate Quotas on Bulk Agricultural Commodities . . . . . . . . . . 45 Sanitary and Phytosanitary Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Inspection-related Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Export Subsidies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Intellectual Property Rights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Legal Framework . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Enforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Financial Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Legal Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Telecommunications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Express Delivery Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Construction and Related Engineering Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Other Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64

 

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